Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène-Emmanuel

(1814-1879)
   architect, theorist
   Born in Paris, Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc was self-taught and, with great enthusiasm for medieval architecture, visited italy in 1836. He then traveled through France accompanied by his friend prosper Mérimée while the latter was inspector of historical monuments. In 1839, Mérimée commissioned Viollet-le-Duc to restore the basilica of Vézelay, and he soon began the restoration of other important medieval religious and civil structures (saint-Germain-des-Prés, saint-séverin, Notre-Dame de Paris, the walled city of Carcas-sone). His rationalist concept of Gothic architecture and his ideas of restoration (alterations of what were considered characteristic aspects of the medieval style) were strongly criticized. in the rebuilding of the château of Pierrefonds (1859-70), he applied his ideas of feudal architecture most obviously and, in his buildings, he based his plans on stylized medieval and classical formulas, often using floral decorative motifs that foreshadow those of Art Nouveau. He was an audacious theorist, extolling the use of functional forms and of metal. Viollet-le-Duc is the author of a number of works of which his Dictionnaire raisoné de l'architecture française du xie au XVIe siècle (1854-68) and Entretiens sur l'architecture (1863-72) influenced the majority of architectural innovations of succeeding generations.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène-Emmanuel — born Jan. 27, 1814, Paris, France died Sept. 17, 1879, Lausanne, Switz. French Gothic Revival architect, restorer, and writer. After studying architecture and training as an archaeologist, he was placed in charge of restoring the abbey church at… …   Universalium

  • Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène-Emmanuel — ► (1814 79) Arquitecto y crítico francés de arte. Se le puede incluir en la corriente antiindustrialista de la primera mitad del s. XIX. Obras: Dictionnaire raisonné de l´architecture française du XI au XVI siècle y Dictionnaire d´architecture,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Viollet-le-Duc — Viollet le Duc, Eugène Emmanuel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eugene Viollet-le-Duc — Eugène Viollet le Duc Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viollet et Leduc. Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eugène Viollet le Duc — Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viollet et Leduc. Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Viollet-le-Duc — Eugène Viollet le Duc Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viollet et Leduc. Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Viollet Le Duc — Eugène Viollet le Duc Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viollet et Leduc. Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Viollet le Duc. — Eugène Viollet le Duc Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viollet et Leduc. Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eugène Viollet-le-Duc — Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc (* 27. Januar 1814 in Paris; † 17. September 1879 in Lausanne, Schweiz) war ein französischer Architekt und Kunsthistoriker; er erlangte Berühmtheit durch seine Restaurierungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Viollet-le-Duc — Eugène Viollet le Duc Eugène Emmanuel Viollet le Duc (* 27. Januar 1814 in Paris; † 17. September 1879 in Lausanne, Schweiz) war ein französischer Architekt und Kunsthistoriker; er erlangte Berühmtheit durch seine Restaurierungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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